To carry out the National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP), the Survey, Education and Treatment (SET) activities were started in 1979. As a Pilot Project, 5 Corporation Wards had been identified, with a population of 3.6 Lakhs. Gradually, it was extended to 25 Corporation Wards, with a population of 12.6 Lakhs, which is almost one-fourth of the population of Bangalore.
As part of the case-detection activities, 92% of the allotted area was covered by regular surveys, such as the Mass Survey, School Survey, Health Contact Survey, Rapid Survey Sample Survey and the epidemiological Survey.
An Intensive Health Education Programme was organized in many places in and around Bangalore City. Slums, Schools, Colleges, Paramedical/Nursing/Medical Colleges, Factories, Religious Centers, Bus/Railway Stations, Shopping complexes, etc. were some of the urban and rural places covered by the Programme. As a part of the Programme, all the patients and cured persons were given health education.
To create public awareness about leprosy and its cure, film shows, slide shows, puppet shows, dramas, street plays, group meetings, quizzes, debates, essay competitions, exhibitions and poster-making competitions have been organized periodically.
All the registered cases were treated free of cost by Multi Drug Therapy (MDT). The complicated cases were admitted to Sumanahalli and treated there. Apart from this we have mobile clinics to reach patients in different parts of the city.
For reconstructive surgery the patients are sent to other hospitals, some in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. Micro-Cellular Rubber (MCR) Chappals are provided to those patients with loss of sensation in their feet. Physiotherapy is regularly given to the patients at clinics, and needy patients are also treated at their homes. Care after cure is being given to the patients with ulcers and other complications through our medical care clinics in 4 different places.
The project area Prevalence Rate was 5 per 10,000 population in 1979. This has drastically reduced to 1.8 per 10,000 population in 2003. The percentage of child cases is 32% and is static. Among the new cases detected the percentages of deformity cases decreased from 28% in 1979 to 2% in 2003.